Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): What You Should Know

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

All over the world, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been a round-the-clock discussion for the past 3 months now. But permit me to ask, what exactly is coronavirus or COVID-19? Well! That’s what you’re here to find out!

CoronaVirus, in general, is a viral, infectious, respiratory disease while COVID-19 is a newly discovered type of coronavirus.

COVID-19 also known as coronavirus is an RNA virus and can cause different types of diseases in humans and animals. COVID-19 is transmitted between animals and humans and it causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe disease such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV)

Is Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) deadly? YES!

Is COVID-19 transmittable? Absolute YES!

Symptoms of COVID-19

  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Persistent cough
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Tiredness or fatigue
  • Diarrhea (not very common)
  • Shortness of breath

Who Is At Risk Of Contracting COVID-19?

Everyone! Especially anyone who is exposed to persons infected with COVID-19 or infected surfaces and objects.

Also older people, those with underlying chronic health conditions or immune-compromised persons.

How Can COVID-19 Be Transmitted?

When an infected person coughs, sneeze, or exhales, droplets escape and these droplets fall on surfaces, objects on the floor, or can be directly inhaled by another person.

Therefore; COVID-19 is transmitted through

  • Contact with infected surfaces and objects
  • Breathing in droplets from infected persons

You may want to ask, how long does coronavirus live on nonliving surfaces or objects?

Well! Its exact life span on surfaces or objects is not certain but studies have shown that it can live for up to a few hours to days.

What is the incubation period of COVID-19?

Incubation period means the time between exposure/contact with the virus and manifestation of symptoms of diseases

The incubation period for COVID-19 is commonly within 1-14days

Read Also: COVID-19: Austria To Re-Open Schools In May


In severe cases, COVID-19 could lead to various complications:

  • Acute Respiratory Failure- lungs will no longer be able to supply enough oxygen into the blood or might not take enough carbon dioxides out or both.
  • Pneumonia- air sacs in the lungs become inflamed, making it harder to breathe.
  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)- lungs become severely damaged that fluid starts leaking into them, therefore the body has difficulty getting oxygen into the bloodstream.
  • Acute liver injury- sudden liver injury and liver failure
  • Acute cardiac injury- studies on COVID-19 patients has shown that some patients develop heart problems like arrhythmia(irregular heartbeat)
  • Secondary infection- this means that you can get an infection unrelated to the first problem. Studies have shown that secondary infection is possible.
  • Septic shock- infection can cause organ failure and dangerously low blood pressure
  • Blood clots- when disseminated intravascular coagulation occurs, it causes the blood clotting response of the body to work abnormally thereby forming unusual bleeding or oxygen failure.
  • Death

How do I prevent coronavirus a.k.a COVID-19?

  • Stay at home as much as possible.
  • Social distancing- keep a safe distance from people i.e avoid the crowd and if you must be in the crowd use nose mask
  • Keep your hands clean by washing them thoroughly and regularly with soap and running water and using alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
  • Seek medical attention if you feel sick
  • Drink plenty of fluid and eat nutritious food
  • When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with your cough pocket

Now, what is “cough pocket?”

Cough pocket is your bent elbow area


There is no known treatment or cure for COVID-19. All suspected or confirmed cases are being managed according to the symptoms presented.

Now you may have questions like

  • Can chloroquine cure Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?

Answer: Well for now NO! Studies are still ongoing to prove that

  • Can I have a high immune system and still be at risk of contracting coronavirus?

Answer: First How would you know you have a high immune system

Well YES, you are still at risk of contracting COVID-19 if exposed to the virus or infected persons or objects.

You can drop further questions for reviews.

In conclusion; COVID-19 is deadly and transmittable so stay at home, maintain proper hand and body hygiene and STAY SAFE!


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